Editor in Chief
► Capt. Randy C. Cruz, USN
Assistant Chief of Naval Research, ONR


Future Force is a professional magazine of the naval science and technology community.
Published quarterly by the Office of Naval Research, its purpose is to inform readers
about basic and applied research and advanced technology development efforts funded by the Department of the Navy.
The mission of this publication is to enhance awareness of the decisive naval capabilities that are being discovered,
developed, and demonstrated by scientists and engineers for the Navy, Marine Corps, and nation.
This magazine is an authorized publication for members of the Department of Defense and the public. The use of a name
of any specific manufacturer, commercial product, commodity, or service in this publication does not imply endorsement
by the Department of the Navy. Any opinions herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of
the US government, the Department of the Navy, or the Department of Defense.
Future Force is an unclassified, online publication. All submissions must be precleared through your command’s
public release process before being sent to our staff. To subscribe to Future Force, contact the managing editor at
futureforce@navy.mil, (703) 696-5031, or Future Force Magazine, Office of Naval Research, 875 N. Randolph Street,
Ste. 1425, Arlington, VA 22203.
All photos are credited to the US Navy unless otherwise noted.